We are pleased to announce that veterinarian Susanne Helmlinger will now also provide veterinary care for your reptiles / snakes.

Within the scope of our laboratory equipment, which enables the preparation of complete blood counts in-house, Mrs. TÄ Helmlinger offers the following services for reptiles / snakes:

  • Parasitological examination
  • complete blood examination (BB, blood chemistry, Hkt)
  • X-ray (& computer tomography (CT) - the only one for reptiles in Karlsruhe
  • Shell necrosis turtles
  • FNA (circumferential augmentation)
  • Abscesses, wound care
  • Legenot conservative
  • Soft Tissue Surgery
  • Ultrasound reptile
  • for aquatic turtles, it would be useful to bring water analyses with you
Kaa King Python

Also a private passion

Mrs. Helmlinger, a veterinarian, owned leopard geckos herself for a long time and still owns Kaa the King Python.

If you would like to have an appointment with our reptile specialist, you can book it directly online with us. Please simply select Ms Susanne Helmlinger as your vet on page 2!

For the best possible preparation of the treatment, it is helpful if you fill in and email us the attached medical history form to:

Medical history sheet as PDF

Medical history form reptiles as Word document


What are reptiles?

The classes

About 300 million years ago, the first reptiles appeared in the Permian period. Today there are about 10,000 species of reptiles. Reptiles are reptiles and are often confused with amphibians.

Difference reptiles and amphibians

There is often confusion between reptiles and amphibians. Both classes are similar in some characteristics. For example, both classes are poikilothermic, i.e. alternately warm.

The biggest difference, or rather the clearest

The distinguishing feature of reptiles and amphibians is metamorphosis. While reptiles hatch from eggs in their final form and the appearance of young and adult animals will not change, amphibians change their external appearance in the course of their metamorphosis.

Reptiles - 4 orders

Reptiles can be divided into 4 orders:

  • tuataras
  • Crocodiles
  • Turtles
  • Pangolins (all snakes)
  • The extinct dinosaurs also belong to the class of reptiles.

Typical reptile characteristics

Reptiles have common characteristics that we will now explain to you. Occasionally, however, not all of the characteristics shown here may apply to all reptiles. In most cases, however, this is not the case. So let's take a look at the typical characteristics.

  • Lung respiration: Reptiles breathe through their lungs.
  • 4 Extremities: All reptiles have four legs.
  • Egg: The eggs of reptiles are encased in a lime shell. This prevents the water from escaping.
  • Birth: Some reptiles lay eggs, others give birth to their offspring alive (e.g. sea snakes).
  • Reproduction: In almost all reptiles, reproduction occurs during copulation, so that the eggs are fertilised in the reptiles.
  • Dry skin: Reptile skin is dry in most cases.
  • Jacobson's organ: With this, reptiles perceive very fine odours.
  • Cloaca: The cloaca is the outlet for the urethra and anus.
  • Poikilotherm: Reptiles are alternately warm. The body temperature adapts to the outside temperature.
  • Scales: Reptiles have horny scales. They serve as armour against mechanical impacts.
  • Tail: All reptiles have a tail or a rudiment of a former tail.
  • Spinal column: Reptiles have a spinal column and thus belong to the vertebrates.
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