Internal medicine includes diseases of the internal organs such as the lungs, liver, kidneys or intestines, also infectious diseases, and metabolic disorders (for example diabetes), diseases of the blood (for example anaemia and tumorous degeneration), immunological disorders and many diseases of the skin as well as neurological deficits.
Diseases of the "inside" are often rather "inconspicuous", so that further examinations are necessary. Therefore, in addition to a thorough recording of the patient's medical history, knowledge in handling the diagnostic equipment and possibilities as well as the interpretation of the findings are of particular importance. The diagnostic procedure depends mainly on the complexity of the problem.
After an initial discussion, the further course of the examination and treatment measures is decided upon together with the animal owner. Many patients can be examined and treated on an outpatient basis, but others have to be admitted as inpatients, depending on the severity of the disease. Even examinations that require a certain time sequence or anesthesia are associated with a short stay from the morning until the middle or late afternoon.
Detailed laboratory tests such as blood tests, cytology, urine and faeces diagnostics as well as ECG, blood pressure measurement, digital x-rays and ultrasound are available for a comprehensive diagnosis of even more complex internal diseases.